Contemporary Psychology, vol. 17, br. 2, 2014


Original scientific paper

“What Are You Doing?”: Comparison of Three Methodological Approaches to Studying Leisure


Petra Anić - Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Rijeka, Rijeka
Marko Tončić - Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Rijeka, Rijeka

Fulltext (english, pages 111-124).pdf

Abstracts
Beside the time spent in obligatory activities we also have free time to spend in freely chosen activities. The aim of this study was to research leisure activities using different methodologies: free time activities checklist, favorite activity, and experience sampling. The participants in the checklist and favorite activity study were 769 students, while there were 121 students in the experience sampling study. Results showed significant differences in leisure activity occurrences among different methodological approaches. The favorite activities approach showed an obvious predominance of hobbies. Checklist study showed a greater frequency of reading. In the experience sampling study, electronic media activities were present above the expected levels. No differences between methods were found in outdoor activities. Finally, social activities were mentioned less often than expected as a favorite activity. The present study results suggest that for a full insight into students’ leisure activities, an extensive list of everyday activities should be used, while for researching leisure in a narrower sense, from a subjective view point, several favorite activities should be studied. Finally, results have shown that the experience sampling method is a good way of researching passive activities, but may not be suitable for more engaging activities.

Keywords
leisure; check-list; favorite activity; experience sampling



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